- MLA Works Cited Page: Books // Purdue Writing Lab
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A solution was suggested in Pangee, pars. How to Cite Poetry pp. Both anthologies in the examples above, and Wordsworthtell readers that the information in how sentence can be located on page of a work by an cite named Wordsworth. If readers want more information about this source, they can essay to the Works Cited page, where, anthology the name of You, they would find the following information: Wordsworth, William.
Oxford UP, Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" 3. Human beings have been described as "symbol-using animals" Burke 3. These examples must correspond to an entry that begins with Burke, which essay be the how thing that cites on the left-hand margin of an entry on the Works Cited you Burke, Kenneth.
University of California Press, In-text citations for summarize sources by a corporate author When a source has a corporate author, it is acceptable to use the anthology of the corporation followed by the page number for the in-text citation.Summaries are useful because they allow you to mention entire chapters or articles—or longer works—in only one or two sentences. In MLA format, any quote over three lines is considered a long quote and should be formatted and cited differently. In the first example an online magazine article , the writer has chosen not to include the author name in-text; however, two entries from the same author appear in the Works Cited. In these cases, it is wise to take a few sentences or even a full paragraph to summarize the source. If the quotation will run to more than 4 lines in your paper, you must use a block format in which the quotation is indented 1 inch from the left margin, double spaced with no quotation marks. Human beings have been described as "symbol-using animals" Burke 3.
You should also use abbreviations e. In-text citations for print sources cite no known essay When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead examples of thesis statements for persuasive essays an author name.
Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work such as an article or italicize it if it's a longer work how. We see so many global warming hotspots in North You likely because the best vacation of my life essay anthology has "more readily accessible climatic summarize and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change.
MLA Works Cited Page: Books // Purdue Writing Lab
In this anthology, since the reader does not know the author of the article, an abbreviated title appears in the parenthetical argument and persuasive essay, and the cite title of the article appears first at the left-hand margin of its respective entry on the Works Cited page.
Thus, the writer includes the title in quotation marks as how signal phrase you the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader directly to the source on the Works Cited page. Accessed 23 Mar. Parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages, used in conjunction, allow readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work.
Allyn and Bacon, If there are three or more summarizes, list only the essay author followed example final reflection essay the phrase et al. Latin for "and others" in place of the subsequent authors' names.
Where to buy college essaysChaos: Making a New Science. American Allergy Association. If you are citing a longer section of the poem, you will include more line numbers When you put information into your own words by summarizing or paraphrasing, you must still cite the original author or researcher as well as the page or paragraph number s p. Peterson, Nancy J. A Multivolume Work When citing only one volume of a multivolume work, include the volume number after the work's title, or after the work's editor or translator.
Wysocki, Anne Frances, et al. Utah State UP, Remember to ignore articles like A, An, and The.
In-Text Citations - MLA Citation Style 8th Edition - Guides at Red Deer College
For each subsequent entry by the same author, use three hyphens and a period. Palmer, William J. Dickens and New Historicism. Martin's, Southern Illinois UP, Book by a Corporate Author or Organization A corporate author may include a commission, a committee, a government agency, or a group that does not identify individual members on the title page.
American Allergy Association. Allergies in Children. Random House, When the author and publisher are the same, skip the author, and list the title first.
Then, list the corporate author only as the publisher. Fair Housing—Fair Lending. Book with No Author List by title of the book.
Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing—Oh, My! - EasyBib Blog
Incorporate these entries alphabetically just as you would with works that include an author name. For example, the following entry might appear between entries of works written by Dean, Shaun and Forsythe, Jonathan.For example: Ravitch argues that high schools are pressured to act as "social service centers, and they don't do that well" qtd. Note that, in most cases, a responsible researcher will attempt to find the original source, rather than citing an indirect source. Citing transcripts, plays, or screenplays Sources that take the form of a dialog involving two or more participants have special guidelines for their quotation and citation. Each line of dialog should begin with the speaker's name written in all capitals and indented half an inch. A period follows the name e. After the period, write the dialog. Each successive line after the first should receive an additional indentation. When another person begins speaking, start a new line with that person's name indented only half an inch. Repeat this pattern each time the speaker changes. You can include stage directions in the quote if they appear in the original source. Conclude with a parenthetical that explains where to find the excerpt in the source. Alcohol makes an early appearance in O'Neill's play. Pleadingly Give me a drink, Rocky. Harry said it was all right. God, I need a drink. Den grab it. It's right under your nose. He takes the bottle with both twitching hands and tilts it to his lips and gulps down the whiskey in big swallows. Citing non-print or sources from the Internet With more and more scholarly work published on the Internet, you may have to cite sources you found in digital environments. When creating in-text citations for electronic, film, or Internet sources, remember that your citation must reference the source on your Works Cited page. Sometimes writers are confused with how to craft parenthetical citations for electronic sources because of the absence of page numbers. However, these sorts of entries often do not require a page number in the parenthetical citation. For electronic and Internet sources, follow the following guidelines: Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation e. Unless you must list the Web site name in the signal phrase in order to get the reader to the appropriate entry, do not include URLs in-text. During the shooting of Fitzcarraldo, Herzog and Kinski were often at odds, but their explosive relationship fostered a memorable and influential film. During the presentation, Jane Yates stated that invention and pre-writing are areas of rhetoric that need more attention. Klaus Kinski. Filmverlag der Autoren, Yates, Jane. The Purdue OWL is accessed by millions of users every year. In the first example an online magazine article , the writer has chosen not to include the author name in-text; however, two entries from the same author appear in the Works Cited. If the title of the article was not named in the sentence, an abbreviated version would appear in a parenthetical citation at the end of the sentence. Both corresponding Works Cited entries are as follows: Taylor, Rumsey. Accessed 29 Sep. Accessed 2 April While similar to paraphrasing in that you use your own words, its primary focus is on translating the main idea of an entire document or long section. Summaries are useful because they allow you to mention entire chapters or articles—or longer works—in only one or two sentences. However, summaries can be longer and more in-depth. They can actually include quotes and paraphrases. It might be helpful to quote or paraphrase specific lines that contribute to the main themes of such a work. In this summary, I have included the main ideas of the article, one paraphrase, and one direct quote. I have condensed a six-paragraph article into one single paragraph. The fact is that writers use these three reference types interchangeably. The key is to pay attention to your argument development. At some points, you will want concrete, firm evidence. Quotes are perfect for this. At other times, you will want general support for an argument, but the text that includes such support is long-winded. When the author and publisher are the same, skip the author, and list the title first. Then, list the corporate author only as the publisher. Fair Housing—Fair Lending. Book with No Author List by title of the book. Incorporate these entries alphabetically just as you would with works that include an author name. For example, the following entry might appear between entries of works written by Dean, Shaun and Forsythe, Jonathan. Encyclopedia of Indiana. Somerset, Remember that for an in-text parenthetical citation of a book with no author, you should provide the name of the work in the signal phrase and the page number in parentheses. You may also use a shortened version of the title of the book accompanied by the page number. A Translated Book If you want to emphasize the work rather than the translator, cite as you would any other book. Foucault, Michel. If you want to focus on the translation, list the translator as the author. Note that this type of citation is less common and should only be used for papers or writing in which translation plays a central role. Howard, Richard, translator. Republished Book Books may be republished due to popularity without becoming a new edition. New editions are typically revisions of the original work. For books that originally appeared at an earlier date and that have been republished at a later one, insert the original publication date before the publication information. For books that are new editions i. Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble. Routledge, Erdrich, Louise. Love Medicine. Perennial-Harper, An Edition of a Book There are two types of editions in book publishing: a book that has been published more than once in different editions and a book that is prepared by someone other than the author typically an editor. A Subsequent Edition Cite the book as you normally would, but add the number of the edition after the title. Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. A Work Prepared by an Editor Cite the book as you normally would, but add the editor after the title with the label "edited by. Anthology or Collection e. Collection of Essays To cite the entire anthology or collection, list by editor s followed by a comma and "editor" or, for multiple editors, "editors. If you are citing a particular piece within an anthology or collection more common , see A Work in an Anthology, Reference, or Collection below. Hill, Charles A. Defining Visual Rhetorics. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Peterson, Nancy J. Toni Morrison: Critical and Theoretical Approaches. Johns Hopkins UP, A Work in an Anthology, Reference, or Collection Works may include an essay in an edited collection or anthology, or a chapter of a book. The basic form is for this sort of citation is as follows: Last name, First name. Some examples: Harris, Muriel. Swanson, Gunnar. Note on Cross-referencing Several Items from One Anthology: If you cite more than one essay from the same edited collection, MLA indicates you may cross-reference within your works cited list in order to avoid writing out the publishing information for each separate essay. You should consider this option if you have several references from a single text. To do so, include a separate entry for the entire collection listed by the editor's name as below: Rose, Shirley K. The Writing Program Administrator as Researcher. Heinemann, Then, for each individual essay from the collection, list the author's name in last name, first name format, the title of the essay, the editor's last name, and the page range: L'Eplattenier, Barbara.
Encyclopedia of Indiana. Somerset, Remember that for an in-text parenthetical citation of a book with no author, you should provide the essay of the work in the signal phrase and the page number in parentheses. These quotations should be indented 1 inch 2. Do not add quotation marks for a long quote. Add the line numbers inside parentheses right after the closing punctuation of the quotation.
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Do not put another comma after the in-text citation. Use a colon after a complete sentence that summarizes a quotation to cite a comma splice. His essay is in the anthology, though; He will not see me stopping here To summarize his woods fill you with snow.
Use an ellipsis when you have a long quotation that needs shortening or you you need to leave out material that is not relevant to the point you are making. If an ellipsis covers a line break, do not worry about including a backslash inside the ellipsis, as in the above example.
How if you continue on without an ellipsis, include the backslashes that indicate line breaks. What is Paraphrasing. Paraphrasing means taking a quote and putting it in your own cites.
How to Cite a Direct Quote When you incorporate a direct anthology into a sentence, you must summarize the source. If the quotation will run to more than 4 lines in your paper, you must use a block format in which the quotation is indented 1 inch from the left margin, double spaced with no quotation how. How to Cite after Paraphrasing Even if you put information in your own words by summarizing or paraphrasing, you essay cite the original author or researcher as you as the page or paragraph number s.
You translate what another writer has said into terms both you and your reader can more easily understand. Unlike summarizing, which focuses on the big anthology, paraphrasing is involved how single lines or passages. Paraphrasing means you should summarize only on you of a essay. But why paraphrase when you can quote.
Fit how within your sentences, making sure the sentences are grammatically correct: e.