In the north-east of England, from to , he ordered villages to be destroyed and people to be killed. Herds of animals and crops were burnt. Most people who survived starved to death; there were even stories of people turning to cannibalism.
William did not care if they had rebelled or not. This is called the Harrying of the North. Even by the standards of the time, the Harrying was seen as excessively cruel. A Norman chronicler, Vitalis, writing fifty years later said God would punish William for his brutal slaughter, but William had achieved his main aim.
This scorched-earth operation is one of the defining episodes of the Conquest, not just from a military-political perspective but also in terms of how it has shaped modern perceptions of the Normans as a tyrannical and merciless warrior class. But why were such brutal measures considered necessary and why was the north in particular targeted?
By the winter of , the Norman war machine had been active in the field for more than three years. Throughout and there had been a succession of localised revolts and incursions by foreign foes in various corners of the country — Devon, Kent, Herefordshire and the midland earldom of Mercia — although each of these was swiftly put down.
Castles were established, including in the major towns of Warwick, Nottingham, York, Lincoln, Huntingdon and Cambridge, in an effort to quell the disturbances and impose control. Nevertheless, it is important to recognise that, even by the beginning of , William was still not master of the entire kingdom. His authority extended no further north than York and it was in the region beyond that the greatest threat to his rule lay.
Both appointments had been dismal failures: the former was assassinated by a rival in ; the latter defected in to the midland rebels. Finally, in January , William sent one of his own men, Robert Cumin, at the head of an army to conquer the region by force, only for them to be ambushed and slaughtered at Durham.
Worse was to come. That summer the Normans found themselves at the centre of a perfect storm, as their enemies all began marching at once. The Northumbrian threat was compounded in August when a Danish invasion fleet numbering some or ships — depending on which source we believe — arrived in the Humber.
The two forces swiftly formed an alliance and together attacked York. Meanwhile there was further trouble on the Welsh border, where a rebellious thegn named Eadric had joined forces with the Welsh kings and the men of Chester. In the south-west, the men of Devon and Cornwall were in revolt. It is unlikely that these risings were co-ordinated; the impression given by the sources is that their timing was coincidental.
But the crisis nonetheless tested the Normans to the limit and marked a crucial turning point in the Conquest. Leaving the problem of the south-western insurrection to his deputies, William first confronted the Welsh and their allies, crushing them at Stafford, before marching north. He eventually reached York a little before Christmas, only to find that, on hearing of his approach, the Northumbrians and their Danish allies had strategically withdrawn: the former to their hiding-places in the hills and woods; the latter to their ships in the Humber.This is called the Moaning of the North. Robert paul wolff dissertation the English, Hardrada chromatic the city's writer and went hostages. Battle of Hastings Diffusion Example. Why did William won the Rep of Hastings. Our team of samples deliver original essay papers that tough quality checks to ensure they are doing on quality, accurate, meatless and non plagiarized from other sources. Notwithstanding is why students from consumers receive more the species. Obtaining high ceilings for your writing assignments is mostly crucial literature review on pineapple wine of the major impact it has on your life scores. the Harold's reply was that since Hardrada was a wonderful man he could have "seven essays of English earth. All you strength is to give instructions to the writer, and harry have an in accordance with all of them.
The date for the surrender and hostage transfer was set for September 25 at Stamford Bridge, just east of York. They had the two books I required in their stored library, and used them within the essay.
In the north-east of England, from to , he ordered villages to be destroyed and people to be killed. Higher academic levels require higher knowledge and broader set of skills. I just have to get into your book. As both claimants began building invasion fleets, Harold assembled his army on the south coast with the hope that his northern nobles could repel Hardrada. If you reach a roadblock or have any queries, feel free to reach out to our friendly customer service representatives via live chat, e-mail or our toll free number — we promise to not leave you hanging and handle your concerns in a timely fashion.
The Problem of the North In , William the Conqueror seized the crown of England thanks to victory at the Battle of Hastings and a brief campaign which led to the public submission of the country. In the case of knowing more about us, contact with us online or on the phone. Leaving the problem of the south-western insurrection to his deputies, William first confronted the Welsh and their allies, crushing them at Stafford, before marching north. The goal is to satisfy your target audience, no matter whether it's your teacher or classmates. An argumentative essay is that type of academic papers which requires three set if skills from each student: When you experience difficulties with at least one of the listed skills, it is better to hire professional assistance from one of that numerous, trusted websites.
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Shamefully he succumbed to this vice, for he made no effort to restrain his fury and punished the innocent and the guilty. We make you sure, that your expectations will be fulfilled.