Illustrate and support your response with sociological argument and evidence. Sociologists have varying views on social stratification, therefore their approach to how it can impact society and individuals results in very different concepts.
This piece of work will identify and discuss the key points which are significant to the sociological debate. In every known human society there is form of social inequality. This system was derived from events that took place some years ago.
Social stratification can be class under the system of Plantation System and Social Mobility. According to Jenniffer Mohammed- Caribbean studies It is as though people are arranged in strata, or layers. Groups may be unequal with material resources, power, human welfare, education, and symbolic attributes. This social stratification began with the emergence of agriculture, but is now universally present.
Social stratification persists over generations. Most of the athlete's children will have the genetics make up to go on and have a successful life on their own staying in the top class, but in this system a fan may have what it takes to become a player and enter the top class.
The world that sports society lies in is stratified into an upper, middle and lower class system. As seen in the figure below sports worlds top and bottom class falls into the world upper social class. The different class of people in the U. For this essay, we are going to examine the socio-economic background, level of education of the youth and the life style of an individual.
A good question is how does the social class stratification originates? First of all, social stratification is defined as a system by which society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. By scarce resources, many people have to deal with poverty and having a lack of money to buy the things they need in their lives. Many aspects referring to social standings reflects ones wealth, income, race, and education.
In most cases the higher your social class the more opportunities are available to you. For instance, think of it as a pyramid. On a global scale, countries are arranges in a stratified hierarchy of positions, with some possessing economic prosperity and political dominance while others experience social crises and financial hardships.
The dimensions of both social class and inequality offers insights as to why social stratification persists. Social inequality is indicated by a high degree of disparity in income, wealth, power, prestige and other resources. Social stratification can affect the way people interpret life. Slavery refers to the aspect that people can own other people. This has been around since ancient times of history, and still do this day occurring. Despite their manipulative ways and social stratification uses, the ants came out on top while the grasshoppers felt the wrath of ants who had finally come together as a family.
Unleashing their power, as one big family, onto the grasshoppers and reclaiming their home island. As a society, we accept it as a fact that we live in a multi-tiered "class" system, and that this is the way it should be because it is central to our nature as human beings. As a society we should ask ourselves why we think this way, and whether there is another possible way of explaining our current situation.
Ballard focuses on the psychological effects of social developments, typically within dystopian communities, and how they relate closely to social stratification. In spite of the novels taking place nearly thirty years apart, they share a common theme of social stratification. Because the United States tries to run on a laissez-faire based marketing system, there are social classes that differ based on economic prosperity.
The people who work hard and are smart rise to the top and usually become part of the upper or middle class. People who don 't work hard or are lacking an intellectual capabilities fall to the lower class. Another form of separation is that of stratification. There are four major systems of stratification slavery, caste, estate, and class.
There were four different social groups which were middle class, lower class, upper class and the working class. I was assigned the lower class and I knew once the game started that I was going to have to work hard to stay in the game. Each person was given a different amount of money due to their social class. Globalization aggravates the issue of stratification and creates larger rifts in race, class and gender statuses. Interdependence has led to competition between nations, growing gaps of upper and lower classes, negative race relations, and devaluation of women.
Globalization and stratification are concepts that connect interactions among the people between and within nations. In the society that we currently dwell in this divide is known as social stratification. Stratification, or more specifically social stratification, is defined as the hierarchal division of society according to rank or class. In American society what separates us from the next person is socioeconomic status. Higher social classes directly correlate with higher education levels, and the latter for the lower social classes.
Social stratification relates to the socio-economic concept of class, consisting of the upper class, middle class, and lower class. Each class may be further subdivided into smaller classes through the main indicator is occupation. What is social stratification? Why are class, caste, gender and ethnicity considered to be systems of stratification? Answer- Social stratification is the division of society into different groups in a pattern of ranking.
Social stratification can been seen necessary through a functionalist eyes due to the fact that it motivates people to accept all jobs required for the society to survive.
This is known as stratification, an important element of macrosociology. The opposite is the case. People are born into families of unequal positions, some are born into rich influential families, others have to live under the poverty level. In every country the reality looks different and that is a reason why social stratification is such an interesting topic. Japan and the USA are both highly modernized and industrialized countries. This fact underlines the importance of both nations for the world economy.
These figures get more interesting when they are put into relation with the population of each country. These figures might give the impression that both countries are quite similar but there is one major difference.
Japan is the only non-Western country that is industrialized. The cultural background is different and that is a reason why a comparison between these countries can be interesting and might lead to surprising results. In this paper I will try to find out what inequality is based on and why these differences occur of varying strength in both countries. In these countries social stratification depends on cultural aspects as well as economical aspects.
The cultural background influences the way the society deals with economy. After giving an introduction about basic definitions and concepts of social stratification I will describe and analyse differences in income and education in both societies. The main conditions that occur in societies are social difference and inequality. Social difference means that people have their own individual qualities, attitudes, occupations and social roles.
Social differences can also be described by biological characteristics e. You are born with them that exclude the chance to influence them. Social differences can divide a society into layers. Gupta points out that logically you should consider these characteristics only horizontally or maybe separately but not vertically or hierarchically Language, religion, race or sex are differences that do not contain the possibility of being valued unequally.
In some countries the opposite is the case e. Prejudices lead to the point that social differences are not equally valued. Cultural background often has an impact on the evaluation of characteristics of human beings. There is a main distinction between social differentiation and social inequality that should be recognized.
Social differentiation does not necessarily suggest that personal qualities are ranked on a scale and are evaluated differently although society does it sometimes. Personal qualities are not divided into a hierarchy. They are considered differently but still equally. As soon as social differences are separated into different categories, a valuation of these categories can emerge unintentionally.
Social inequality is the state when people have unequal access to services and positions within a society. A hierarchy between individuals and groups has developed. Social positions are ranked and evaluated by other individuals or groups in a society e.
White-collar workers are considered superior to blue-collar workers. Davis et al. The first factor is a matter of relative significance, the second factor refers to scarcity of personnel. The importance of specific functions is decisive how it is valued in a society. People are rewarded if they are ambitious to learn some specific skills. As long as a skill or function is scarce its position in a society is higher.
On the other hand if a skill or function is important but easy to receive it looses respect. The word stratification implies that a society is divided into different ranks starting from superior to inferior. The main difference between social stratification and social inequality is that in a stratified society inequality is established. This does not necessarily mean that people have accepted the circumstance that some groups or individuals receive more influence and respect than others.
Inequality is recognized and to some extend expected but people do not fight against these disadvantages. A characteristic is taken and divided into different parts on a scale.
Most authors did not want to dissolve the class system. Members of the society are placed into the different categories based on their race and gender.
Personal qualities are not divided into a hierarchy.
In order to fully understand the concept of social class one must understand and grasp the concept of social stratification. Social class is individuals grouped in terms of their occupation, income and wealth. These figures get more interesting when they are put into relation with the population of each country. Are you in a different social class than your grandparents and great-grandparents? The size, income, and wealth of the middle class have all been declining since the s. At the other end of the scale, some of the lowest rankings apply to positions like waitress, janitor, and bus driver.
Cliff Notes, They give us the freedom to explore different personas.
Compared to the lower middle class, lower-class people have less of an educational background and earn smaller incomes. This social stratification began with the emergence of agriculture, but is now universally present. The cultural background influences the way the society deals with economy. Let's see if we can help you! Photo courtesy of PrimeImageMedia.
Upper Class Members of the upper class can afford to live, work, and play in exclusive places designed for luxury and comfort. More specifically, the Hindu cast system in India and the social class system in the United States of America are two examples of social stratification that have been developed to control a large population into a manageable number of social categories Since the resources are not equally distributed, there are some people who have a copious amount of resources and others who barely have enough to survive In the modern industrial world the stratification system that has been dominant is a class system As long as a skill or function is scarce its position in a society is higher. They run the major network television stations, radio broadcasts, newspapers, magazines, publishing houses, and sports franchises.
More specifically, the Hindu cast system in India and the social class system in the United States of America are two examples of social stratification that have been developed to control a large population into a manageable number of social categories
This number includes We are only too human when it comes to wanting the best society has to offer. In contrast, the lower class has little control over their work or lives. David Newman in Sociology Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life describes stratification as a ranking system for groups of people that perpetuates unequal rewards and life chances in society. We are familiar with terms like upper class, middle class and lower class. Some of these thing help to continue poverty and create more problems within poverty.
This in turn determines their social position in society.
It is not uncommon for different generations of a family to belong to varying social classes. Social interaction has a lot to do with social construct reality. Introduction When describing social stratification in America, the essential variables are economic. A restrictive boundary is therefore observed maintaining the status quo of people in their respective social classes over generations. Even the affluent have their effects on the church as stated in the following article.
Some of these resources are economical, political, or social Income inequality in Japan and the United States 4. For sociologists, categorizing class is a fluid science.