But he warns that other measures must be taken and must fit the needs of the local environment. Finally, although mandatory seat-belt-use laws have reduced traffic injuries in developed countries by 40 percent to 50 percent, such laws must be tailored to the local situation: In developing countries, car occupants constitute less than 10 percent to 20 percent of traffic fatalities.
Challenges to Public Health Although some interventions from developed countries such as the road-safety design elements in Denmark and the Netherlands can be applied in developing-country settings, analysts urge caution because interventions are often situation-specific.
Interventions need to be applicable to the particular mix of developing country road use—which is dominated by two-wheel vehicles, human-powered vehicles, pedestrians carrying loads, and locally designed vehicles. In addition, the traffic patterns in developing countries especially in urban areas are more complex because of high-density living and mixed land use, severe limitation of resources, and the abundance of shantytowns. Christopher J. Murray and Alan D. Lopez, eds. One DALY is roughly equivalent to one healthy year of life lost.
London: U. Department for International Development, Margie Peden and Adnan A. One study in Kenya showed that 27 percent of commuters with no formal education traveled on foot, 55 percent used buses or minibuses, and only 8 percent used private cars.
By contrast, 81 percent of people with secondary education traveled in private cars, 19 percent used buses, and none walked.
The accident also occurs due to the irregular surface of the roads which causes imbalance of the vehicle and results into collision with another vehicle or infrastructure. Poor Roadway Maintenance- Poor roadway maintenance also contributes to some of the car accidents. There could be debris in the way of the road which could create problems for the traveler which is responsibility of local highway department, faded road sign and potholes could be another cause for the major road accident.
Current Policy- There are various policies which has been started or being formed for the increasing road accidents on the roads of UAE. There is an immediate need for the adoption of government's policies which could change the face of the accidents in the positive manner.
The aim to conduct this conference was to follow the path being adopted by the UN assembly resolution and to support the declaration being done in Moscow to improve the safety measures on road. This conference was great platform for the government to adopt the measures which are being adopted and technical methods which are better than their methods could be adopted and being implemented to construct a safe world to live in which is free from ant accident.
It was a great platform to debate for road safety issues and to discuss them and the measurement for the improvement of safety measures. There should be organization of future events and form a close relationship with transport institutions and the government authorities to work on the topic of road safety which can reduce the number of accidents which took place these days. The conclusion of this conference come out with the understanding that all the participants that is the countries or the nations which have participated in the conference will follow the guidance given by the United Nations on the road safety measures.
Government' s Reaction- The accidents which are taking place in the UAE region of Arab countries are getting out of the alarming situation so there is a need of taking protective measures by the government to enhance the education related to the safety adoption during driving to avoid the risk of accident.
There are various policies which have been introduced by the UAE government to ensure that there is less number of accidents in the country. There are various system introduced to control the accidents which takes place at the highway like introduction of fine system, black points and application like radars should be installed. So these systems should be discussed in detail to understand their uniqueness System of fine- There is an introduction of fine in various countries for the breaking of traffic rules to control the ongoing accident on the highways or on the street but the fine system which is applied in the United Arab Emirates region is somehow little harsh from other countries because of the diversified atmosphere of that country and the large amount of vehicles running daily from one destination to other.
There are some examples which could be given to show you how strict is the government of UAE Not wearing seat belt there is a fine of AED If there is some change found in the fundamental of engine without permit then a fine of AED Driving a vehicle which is creating lots of pollution then there is a fine of AED Driving without number plate then there is fine of AED Overloading can charge an individual with AED Driving a vehicle which is not having a license from license authority could be charged with a toll of AED.
So above points describing fine are some of the fines which have described here very shortly instead they are having a big list of them. The system is introduced with a purpose of reducing the irrelevant trafficking and reduction of accidents which are taking place in the country at the faster rate.
Radar System- Various countries are adopting high tech facilities to control the rate of accidents which is touching the sky. There are technical gadgets which are available in the market which could detect the speed of a vehicle from few kilometers before which could help in controlling the speeds of the vehicle which is the main reason for the accidents.
For example there is radar installed somewhere at the place on highway which used to keep track of the speed of ongoing vehicles and if found some vehicle is running at the speed which too high then the censors of radar will give the indication about it. This system and other various measures which have been initialized by the government have reduced the rate of accidents which were taking place earlier. You will be shocked through the stats that death due to road accidents in Dubai has fallen short by 27 percent in the first nine months of the last year which are the figures being given by the Road and Transport Authority RTA.
There has been loads of effort being given by the UAE ministry of Interior in making the roads safer for the pedestrians and the motorists. Black Points- This system is introduced basically in the UAE in which there are points given on the basis of breaking the rules or committing any mistakes during driving along with the fine being charged. Key Words: Road traffic accidents, deaths, serious and slight injuries, property damage, economic costs, development 1. Introduction Everybody travels from one place to another place either to work or to do business or to study or to enjoy using various transport options.
Vehicle is one of the most widely used transport alternative and the major source of road traffic accidents in the world.
Particularly, nowadays, road traffic accident has been both public health and development issue and attracted the attention of governments, civil society organizations, and business and community leaders alike throughout the world. Principally, injured people have occupied 30 to 70 percent of orthopedic beds in developing countries hospitals.
According to the WHO, in the road crash fatality rate in Ethiopia was The purpose of this essay, therefore, is to examine the trends, causes, and economic costs of road traffic accidents in Ethiopia. Statement of the Problem In Ethiopia, road traffic accident has been one of the top ten causes of death.
For example, in , the number of people killed by road traffic accident was equivalent to those who died due to malarial which is 9th cause of death throughout the country. This also implies that timely, accurate, and relevant data need to be collected and analyzed periodically so as to examine the trends, scope, and severity of the problem and come up with reasonable solution s. The aim of this paper is thus to scrutinize the trends, causes, and economic implication of road traffic accidents in Ethiopia.
This essay tries to answer the following specific questions: I. What is the trend of road traffic accidents deaths, serious injuries, slight injuries, and property damage at national and regional levels? What are the underlying causes of road traffic accidents in Ethiopia? What is cost of road traffic accidents in Ethiopia? Objectives of the Essay 3. Methodology Since the essay focuses on describing the trends and causes of road traffic accidents, a descriptive type of study is found appropriate and used accordingly.
The paper is entirely based on the secondary data. That is, it is based on ten years road traffic accidents data collected from Federal Police Commission. The data contain the occurrence of road traffic accidents, type of accident, and information of victims of the accidents. The data from nine regions and two City Administrations were presented using descriptive statistics such as average, graphs, charts, and tables; and analyzed and interpreted accordingly.
Slinn M.If specific interventions are not introduced, it is unlikely that simple awareness on its own will bring about significant reductions in child injuries and deaths. Setting road and safety rules, securing compliance, and improving transport policy. Even though, patience in traffic plays the major role in preventing road accidents in traffic. Governments should start this process by designating a focal person or coordinator for child injury prevention within the health ministry. Obey the sign boards what they are guiding you. Given the scarcity of resource, authorities at various should give due attention to the transport sector which is a life blood of the economic development and effectively play its role in reducing road traffic accidents.
Recommendation 1: Integrate child injury into a comprehensive approach to child health and development A comprehensive strategyfor childhealth and development should include all leading causes of ill health and disability among children, and therefore include injuries.
Moira Winslow, Chairman, Drive Alive, South Africa The above quote clearly explains the socio-economic impact of road traffic accident at micro level. There are websites which conduct online test to test the knowledge of the road laws of the people which have another purpose also which is to make aware people about various laws and protective measures which they can take while driving.