How Many Quotes Should Be In An Essay

Appraisal 08.09.2019
How many quotes should be in an essay

Fair-Use Policy How much should I quote? The focus of your essay should be on your understanding of the topic.

How many quotes should be in an essay

If you include too much quotation in your quote, you will crowd out your own ideas. Consider quoting a passage from one of your sources if any of the following conditions holds: The language of the passage is particularly elegant or powerful or memorable.

Long quotes in essays are red flags for how. Too many students provide quotes that take up half of a paragraph. This will lose you marks — big time. This leaves plenty of space for discussion in your own words. Therefore poverty in childhood needs to be addressed by the government. This student made the fatal essay of having the quote overtake the paragraph. Personally, I like to use a 4 word quote in my essays. Four word quotes are long enough to constitute an actual quote, but short enough that I have to quote about how I will fit that quote around my own writing.

You wish to confirm the credibility of your argument by enlisting the support of an authority on your topic. The passage is worthy of further analysis.

How many quotes should be in an essay

Condition 3 is especially useful in essays for essay courses. If an argument or a factual account from one of your sources is particularly relevant to your how but does not deserve to be quoted verbatim, consider paraphrasing the passage if you wish to convey the points in the passage at roughly the same level of detail as in the original summarizing the relevant passage if you wish to sketch only the most essential points in the passage Note that most scientific writing relies on summary rather than quotation.

The same is true of writing how those social sciences—such as experimental psychology—that rely on controlled many and emphasize quantifiable quotes.

Even if you have provided some context for the quote, a quote standing alone can disrupt your flow. There are several ways to incorporate a quote more smoothly: Lead into the quote with a colon. Introduce or conclude the quote by attributing it to the speaker. If your attribution precedes the quote, you will need to use a comma after the verb. The Pirate King sees an element of regality in their impoverished and dishonest life. Interrupt the quote with an attribution to the speaker. Again, you will need to use a comma after the verb, as well as a comma leading into the attribution. The first phrase states that nothing is inherently good or bad; the second phrase suggests that our perspective causes things to become good or bad. As you decide whether or not you want to break up a quote, you should consider the shift in emphasis that the division might create. Use the words of the quote grammatically within your own sentence. How much should I quote? As few words as possible. Remember, your paper should primarily contain your own words, so quote only the most pithy and memorable parts of sources. Here are guidelines for selecting quoted material judiciously: Excerpt fragments. Sometimes, you should quote short fragments, rather than whole sentences. Suppose you interviewed Jane Doe about her reaction to John F. It was just unreal and so sad. It was just unbelievable. I had never experienced such denial. Perhaps it was because JFK was more to me than a president. If you want to be a top student, you need to pay attention to the minor details. The student has quoted Durkheim quoting Rousseau. This quote has become a complete mess and hard to read. If you really want the Rousseau quote, just cite Rousseau. Stop messing around with quotes on top of quotes. When Should I use Quotes in Essays? To Highlight an Important Statement One main reason to use quotes in essays is to emphasize a famous statement by a top thinker in your field. To analyze an Important Statement. Another reason to use quotes in essays is when you want to analyse a statement by a specific author. This author might not be famous, but they might have said something that requires unpacking and analyzing. You can provide a quote, then unpack it by explaining your interpretation of it in following sentences. This author might not be famous, but they might have said something that requires unpacking and analysing. Quotes usually need an explanation and example. You can unpack the quote by asking: What did they mean, Why is it relevant, and Why did they say this? You want to always follow-up quotes by top thinkers or specific authors with discussion and analysis. Quotes should be accompanied by: Explanations of the quote; Analysis of the ideas presented in the quote; or Real-world examples that show you understand what the quote means. For example: In a word essay, you will have words to use. Each main point you make should typically use paragraphs, which should average around words in total. This will give you room for around 5 key points, each supported by 2 or 3 references. Try and use direct or primary references where possible. You may wish to use references to lend authority to your concluding statements. Of course, it is really hard to suggest exactly how many references your essay should include. This depends totally on the subject matter and word count. A Philosophy essay, for example, may have a lot of critical thinking and be quite theory-heavy, and for this reason you may need more references than a typical English Literature Essay. When to use references References aren't just used to give credit for quotations. You would not read the parenthetical note. Without some sort of introduction, your audience would not even know that the statement about Roman antiquity was a quotation, let alone where the quotation came from. How do I introduce a short quotation? The following offers just one way of introducing the above quotation: The ancient Greeks never saw a need to justify wars that were waged outside the walls of the city state. Since the quotation is relatively short, the brief introduction works. You could, however, strengthen your analysis by demonstrating the significance of the passage within your own argument. Introducing your quotation with a full sentence would help you assert greater control over the material: The ancient Greeks never saw a need to justify wars that were waged outside the walls of the city state. In these two examples, observe the forms of punctuation used to introduce the quotations.

Almost all of the examples in this handout follow the MLA system of citation, which is widely used in the humanities and in those social sciences with a less quantitative approach. Visit our handout on paraphrase and summary.

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Why is it important to identify my sources? Quotations come from somewhere, and your reader will want to know where.

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Consider quoting a passage from one of your sources if any of the following conditions holds: The language of the passage is particularly elegant or powerful or memorable. You wish to confirm the credibility of your argument by enlisting the support of an authority on your topic. The passage is worthy of further analysis. Condition 3 is especially useful in essays for literature courses. If an argument or a factual account from one of your sources is particularly relevant to your paper but does not deserve to be quoted verbatim, consider paraphrasing the passage if you wish to convey the points in the passage at roughly the same level of detail as in the original summarizing the relevant passage if you wish to sketch only the most essential points in the passage Note that most scientific writing relies on summary rather than quotation. The same is true of writing in those social sciences—such as experimental psychology—that rely on controlled studies and emphasize quantifiable results. Almost all of the examples in this handout follow the MLA system of citation, which is widely used in the humanities and in those social sciences with a less quantitative approach. Visit our handout on paraphrase and summary. A bibliography also provides a helpful resource you can go back to and use for future work. How many references is too many references? Of course, it is possible to use too many references. If you are using references just to show off all the books you've read, this will be obvious and will not impress your markers. You need to choose the sources which really contribute to your essay; supporting your argument, contesting it or prompting interesting, relevant questions. Remember, markers also want to see evidence of your own, original thinking. Using too many references does not leave much room for your personal standpoint to shine through. As a general rule, you should aim to use one to three, to support each key point you make. This of course depends on subject matter and the point you are discussing, but acts as a good general guide. Instead, this student could have selected the most striking phrase from the quote and kept it. Then, the rest should be paraphrased. In their analysis, Mistry et al. For Mistry et al. Provide a brief quote in your essay, and then show you understand it with surrounding explanation and analysis. Nearly every referencing format requires you to include a page number in your citation. All of them require you to provide page numbers with quotes. Including a page number in your quotation makes a huge difference when a marker is trying to determine how high your grade should be. These little editing points can mean the difference between placing first in the class and third. This is wrong in absolutely every major referencing format, yet it happens all the time. It looks sloppy, and teachers notice. A nice, clean, well-formatted essay should not contain these minor but not insignificant errors. If you want to be a top student, you need to pay attention to the minor details. The student has quoted Durkheim quoting Rousseau. This quote has become a complete mess and hard to read. If you really want the Rousseau quote, just cite Rousseau. As you can see from this example, context matters! This example is from Paul F. Boller, Jr. Use block quotations sparingly. There may be times when you need to quote long passages. However, you should use block quotations only when you fear that omitting any words will destroy the integrity of the passage. If that passage exceeds four lines some sources say five , then set it off as a block quotation. Be sure you are handling block quotes correctly in papers for different academic disciplines—check the index of the citation style guide you are using. Here are a few general tips for setting off your block quotations: Set up a block quotation with your own words followed by a colon. You normally indent spaces for the start of a paragraph. When setting up a block quotation, indent the entire paragraph once from the left-hand margin. Place parenthetical citation according to your style guide usually after the period following the last sentence of the quote. Follow up a block quotation with your own words. Adams clearly appreciated religion, even if he often questioned its promotion. How do I combine quotation marks with other punctuation marks? It can be confusing when you start combining quotation marks with other punctuation marks. You should consult a style manual for complicated situations, but the following two rules apply to most cases: Keep periods and commas within quotation marks. The main exception to this rule involves the use of internal citations, which always precede the last period of the sentence. Note, however, that the period remains inside the quotation marks when your citation style involved superscript footnotes or endnotes. Take a look at the following examples: The student wrote that the U.

Letting your reader know exactly which authorities you rely on is an advantage: it shows that you have done your research and that how are well acquainted with the essay on your topic. In the following passage, the parenthetical reference to the author does not adequately identify the source: The ancient Greeks never saw a need to justify wars that were waged outside the many of how city state.

Yet the Roman conception of a just war differs sharply from more modern conceptions.

Quotations - The Writing Center

When you are making decisions about how to integrate quotations into your essay, you might imagine that you are quote the essay out loud to how audience. You would not read the parenthetical note. Without some sort of essay, your audience would not even know that the statement about Roman antiquity was a quotation, let alone where the quotation came from.

How do I introduce a essay quotation? The following many just one way of introducing the quote quotation: The ancient Greeks never saw a need to justify essays that were how outside the walls of the essay state.

Since the quotation is relatively short, the brief introduction works.

Using Quotations | Writing Advice

You could, however, strengthen your analysis by demonstrating the significance of the passage within your own argument. Introducing your quotation with a full sentence would help you assert greater control over the material: The ancient Greeks never saw a need to justify wars that were waged outside the walls of the city state.

Try and use direct or primary references where possible. Do not overuse brackets! Misquoting misrepresents the ideas of others.

In these two examples, observe the forms of punctuation used to introduce the quotations. When you introduce a quotation with a full sentence, you jaquira diaz essay best american essay always place a colon at the end of the introductory sentence.

When you introduce a quotation with an incomplete sentence, you usually place a comma after the introductory phrase. Finally, note that you can deviate from the common pattern of introduction followed by quotation. Weaving the phrases of others into your own prose offers a stylistically compelling way of maintaining control over your source material.

Similarly, you should end a paragraph with your own analysis, not a quote. Play is better than learning through repetition of drills or reading. Play is good for all children. Men were masculine and women were feminine. Butler came up with this new idea that gender is just something society has made up over time. Both these quotes are from essays that were shared with me by colleagues. My colleagues marked these students down for these quotes because the quotes: took up full sentences; started sentences; and were used to end paragraphs. Instead, the quotes were doing the talking for the students. There are some easy strategies to use in order to make it appear that you are actively discussing and analysing quotes. According to Malaguzzi , p. Play is important for children to develop. Here, the sentence with the quote was amended so that the student has an active voice. They start the sentence with: According to Malaguzzi, …. In this example, the quote is not at the start of a sentence or end of a paragraph — tick! Match Quotes with Explanations and Examples Earlier on, I stated that one key reason to use quotes in essays is so that you can analyse them. Quotes should be there to be analysed, not to do the analysis. This student has included the facts, figures, citations and key details in the quote. Essentially, this student has been lazy. They failed to paraphrase. Instead, this student could have selected the most striking phrase from the quote and kept it. Then, the rest should be paraphrased. If you include too much quotation in your essay, you will crowd out your own ideas. Consider quoting a passage from one of your sources if any of the following conditions holds: The language of the passage is particularly elegant or powerful or memorable. You wish to confirm the credibility of your argument by enlisting the support of an authority on your topic. The passage is worthy of further analysis. Condition 3 is especially useful in essays for literature courses. If an argument or a factual account from one of your sources is particularly relevant to your paper but does not deserve to be quoted verbatim, consider paraphrasing the passage if you wish to convey the points in the passage at roughly the same level of detail as in the original summarizing the relevant passage if you wish to sketch only the most essential points in the passage Note that most scientific writing relies on summary rather than quotation. The same is true of writing in those social sciences—such as experimental psychology—that rely on controlled studies and emphasize quantifiable results. Almost all of the examples in this handout follow the MLA system of citation, which is widely used in the humanities and in those social sciences with a less quantitative approach. Visit our handout on paraphrase and summary. Why is it important to identify my sources? Quotations come from somewhere, and your reader will want to know where. They additionally show that you've thought carefully about how each source relates to the subject you're writing about. The more helpful references you include, the more well-informed you appear to be about your topic. Quality sources which really inform your essay are really worth including. Including a bibliography is good academic practice. If you go on to study further, write more about your subject or publish your work, giving kudos to the writers whose work you took information and inspiration from is essential. A bibliography also provides a helpful resource you can go back to and use for future work. How many references is too many references? Of course, it is possible to use too many references. If you are using references just to show off all the books you've read, this will be obvious and will not impress your markers. You need to choose the sources which really contribute to your essay; supporting your argument, contesting it or prompting interesting, relevant questions. Remember, markers also want to see evidence of your own, original thinking. Using too many references does not leave much room for your personal standpoint to shine through.

Moreover, the technique of weaving can help you to produce a tighter argument. What verbs and phrases can I use to introduce my quotes Familiarize yourself with the various verbs commonly used to introduce quotations.

Here is a partial list: argues.